Frequently Asked Questions

What is the initial booking process?

An initial assessment is booked which is an opportunity for me to understand a bit about you, what your needs are and what brings you to counselling. It's also an opportunity to get a feel for how I work - bring any questions you might have.


Together we will discuss what the best route going forward. Usually it is weekly sessions, should you decide to continue.

What is the counselling contract?

The counselling contract simply lays out what you can expect of me as therapist and what is expected of you as client. It creates a foundation for the therapeutic process to safely unfold. I will send it to you ahead of the assessment. It includes subjects such as agreed fee, time, cancellation, confidentiality policy.


You are never tied into a contract - therapy is a space to empower.

Whats the difference between counselling and psychotherapy?

In short:

Counselling is a short term intervention, for example an agreed contract of 6-10 sessions to focus on resolving a presenting issue.

Psychotherapy is a longer term process which enables a deeper understanding and knowing of the self, making connections between past and present to resolve past issues, making sense of and coming to terms with them. 

Do you offer reduced fees?

Yes. This is dependant on availability - always ask

What is the confidentiality policy?

What is discussed between therapist and client is confidential - I will not disclose information about you to a third party without your agreement.

There are limits to this: In exceptional circumstances, if I become aware that you are at serious risk of harm from or to others or to yourself,  I may break confidentiality. I will always, in the first instance attempt to fully discuss with you to gain your consent to do so.

Confidentiality will be broken in the case of any disclosure concerning acts of terrorism under the Terrorism Act, or acts specific to the Children’s Act. Please note that such disclosures will be passed onto the relevant authority without delay. 

How do counselling and psychotherapy work?

Each and every person comes to counselling with their own unique experience, issues and goals and therefore, needs from the therapist. Read more about my integrative approach.

What is consistent is that a safe environment and relationship is created free from judgement for self- exploration to increase insight, make changes, promote healing, empowerment and growth.

We cannot change what we are not conscious of. To cast light where there is shadow creates fertile ground for growth. Where there is relinquished personal responsibility, there is always opportunity. 

What type of talking therapy is best for me?

At the heart of any kind of psychological therapy, it is well-established that the therapist-client relationship is at the centre of effective outcome.

Counselling & psychotherapy have a multitude of modalities, approaches and techniques and forms. My theoretical orientation is Integrative, which incorporates psychodynamic, humanistic and transpersonal aspects. Read more on my clinical model.

For referrals, ultimately the decision is yours, so it may be helpful to do some research. I have included two links below from the BACP and UKCP as a starting point.

BACP - types of psychological therapy

UKCP - types of psychological therapy 

What if I miss an appointment?

I ask for 1 week’s notice for planned absence. In other cases, if you are unable to attend your session you must let me know. You will be expected to pay for the session unless we can reasonably organise an alternative mutually suitable, time within the same week. There is always the option to work flexibly - online or phone therapy if appropriate.

I am seeking therapy for my child (under 18) - how does that work?

Arranging an appointment for your child involves two therapeutic contracts. One which is held between guardian and myself and an age appropriate contract will be with the child.

I am seeking therapy for someone else (18+) - how does that work?

Its not uncommon for family or partners to call on behalf of a relation. With their consent you are able to book an initial appointment on their behalf, though the therapeutic contract and ongoing contract will be with the client should they agree.

Have a question?